Mythical tree celebrated among many civilizations, the Pin represents theimmortality in the Far East, because of its longevity and the "righteousness" of its resin.
Usually pushing on rocky peaks, in dry land, on the poor soils, acids and sandy, the Pine is a gigantic tree with a very impressive waistline.
As for his cut, this evergreen conifer measures between 15 and 45 meters, depending on the cash.
As for his bark, it stands out by scales ; his needles disintegrate in a disorderly manner on the ground, thus inhibiting the development of the undergrowth.
We find this type of tree at North of French territory. It resists climate well cold.
In a brief overview, this article will echo the medicinal virtues of pine but also, to those much appreciated in gastronomy.
Pin: for the record
Belonging to the Pinaceae family, pine is the generic name for trees belonging to the kind "Pinus", of which we can at least distinguish, 111 species. Still called "pine wood" or "candle wood" (in Haiti), this tree would draw its etymological meaning in the Greek, the Celtic or the Sanskrit « pitu Which means "drink, food ».
The history of the pine goes back a long way.
Indeed, in the Japanese culture, cypress and pine were used to build ritual instruments and Shinto temples.
About the roman culture, the cult of Cybele (goddess of fertility) was devoted to the pine tree to symbolize the eternal renewal of the nature.
As for the "immortals Taoists ", the seeds, needles and the resin pine was their food favorite: she "would make their body light and able to fly"!
Species, virtues and benefits of pine
In France, we distinguish several cash of pine trees including: Maritime pine, Scots pine, Cembra pine, Weymouth pine, Black pine, Aleppo pine, Hook pine, Umbrella pine, the Taeda Pine or the Mugo Pine.
But what are the virtues of this well-known tree?
> Therapeutic virtues of pine
In North America and Europe, young plants of Scots pine have been used for a very long time, to prepare a tisane. Indeed, its virtues are known to treat:
- the rheumatism and the rebellious wounds (as a lotion)
- the cold of brain or the inflammation of the mucous of bronchi (as inhalation).
Secular tradition, the medicinal baths are an integral part of the beliefs of Germans. Having firmly established themselves thanks to the influence of the medical officer of health Kneipp, medicinal baths have become essential for treating various ailments in Germany.
Indeed, pine is particularly suitable for treating original diseases nervous, neuralgic disorders and rheumatic.
Take a bath made of pine would only be beneficial for the health.
To better appreciate its benefits, reserve for your bath, the young shoots of pine, the less tender.
Taking a pine-based bath to relieve the ailments mentioned above is one thing, but inhaling it in full nature is quite another.
Indeed, if you have the opportunity, do not hesitate during a walk in the pine forest, to breathe deeply, an air completely saturated with ’ gasoline camphor-lemon.
> Pine in gastronomy
Previously, young plants white pine were highly valued in cooked by the Iroquois, who consumed them floods. These eating habits were also prevalent among Native Americans of British Columbia who ate other varieties of pine - also raw.
Some people will appreciate the art of cooking young pine shoots differently because, incorporated into vegetables at the end of cooking or prepared in salad, their taste will surprise you for sure.
Others will prefer a light cooking to the steam young pine shoots or even, barely cooked, when they are picked up with a Vinaigrette with mustard.
The edible parts pine are among others:
- the pinions or Pine nuts, to which are often added Parmesan cheese and basil to make Italian pesto or even French pesto.
- the needles,
- theinner bark
- the youth male inflorescences,
- and finally, within certain communities (including the Nlaka’pamux of British Columbia), theexudation to taste sugar also called "milk of the udder-tree".
Uses and dosage of pine
Harvested at the end of the branches, just where the needles have not yet grown, the young plants of pine - especially the softer ones - are much appreciated for composing salads.
Once harvested, dry the young shoots on a well ventilated veil, protected from moisture and light. Once dried, reserve them either in a kraft paper bag, a cardboard box or in a metal or glass container. You can also keep them in a sewn bag for the occasion.
To prepare your bath, dip the bag containing about 500 grams of young pine shoots in water. You can also prepare a concentrated infusion from young pine shoots and add it to the bath water. 2 or 3 L of water are enough to prepare the infusion.
After bathing, you are strongly advised to lie down and relax for approximately 30 minutes, or even 1 hour (maximum) before going about your usual activities.
Good to know about pine
There are still very few needles of pine were used to make a vegetable flannel (commonly known as pine cotton or wadding), as well as a wool (also called vegetable wool, forest wool or wood wool) to make mattress.
Pine needles are also an excellent plant protection for plants that grow in acidic environment, namely, rhododendrons or azaleas.
NB : it is always useful to have a notice of specialist or your doctor before opting for a treatment made of plants.
Read also: maritime pine bark, excellent mulching