Melon is a tasty, fragrant and easy to grow fruit.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Cucumis melo
Family : Cucurbits
Type : Vegetable
Height : 20 to 40 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich and well drained
Harvest : July to October
Its cultivation, from sowing or planting to harvest deserves some advice.
- Read also: benefits and virtues of melon
Sowing and planting melon
The melon is sown from March to June, under tunnel at the start or indoors, for a harvest from mid-July to mid-October.
If you choose to sow your melons in pots from February, you can set up from the mid-May in the south and in June in the north.
The sowing in the ground is possible in the south in a mixture of potting soil and manure.
- Choose a warm and sunny place.
- Choose a rich and deep soil, enrich if necessary with compost.
- Respect a spacing of 80 cm to 1 m between each plant.
Care and cultivation of melon
To improve the development of your melons, add a fertilizer rich in potash.
A sunny exposure will promote fruiting.
Thewatering must be regular but limited, in order to keep the soil cool but above all not flooded.
It is not necessary not wet the foliage in order to prevent the spread of diseases, especially fungi.
Cut, pinch the melon:
As soon as the plant has formed 3 to 5 leaves, it is necessary to cut the head in pinching the main rod to encourage the emergence of new ramifications.
Then, as soon as the new stems have formed, carry out the same operation above the 3rd leaf.
When the melon is in turn formed, cut above the leaf located after the fruit.
The melon is greedy in water and should be watered without wetting the foliage.
By wetting the leaves you promote diseases such as downy mildew or melon powdery mildew.
You can also use mulch to prevent melons and leaves from coming into contact with the soil as this is also a disease-promoting factor.
- Oidium : The melon leaves become covered with a down of white mold
- Mildew : Brown spots appear on the melon leaves
The maturity of the melon on the day of harvest is very important. Harvesting takes place about 2 months after transplanting, pick the well-formed and colored fruits.
It is best to harvest the melon after a good period of sunshine because that is when it will give its best. After a period of rain, you might end up with melons that are tasteless and less sweet.
Finally, prefer a harvest in the evening rather than in the morning, after a beautiful sunny day, it is the guarantee of having sweeter melons.
All you need to know about melon
An annual herb, the melon is native to Africa. There are traces of melon cultivation in Egypt from 5 centuries BC. It will then travel to Greece and Italy.
But it will take several centuries and an Italian war for it to reach France.
Currently, there are nearly 1000 varieties of different melons.
Melon should not be confused with what is known as watermelon which is actually watermelon.
- Read also: health benefits and virtues of melon
Be careful with wet foliage because melon is very sensitive to downy mildew.
It is better for this to water the foot only, avoiding wetting the leaves.